Kazakhstan Mathematical Olympiad 2014

$a_1,a_2,...,a_{2014}$ is a permutation of $1,2,3,...,2014$. What is the greatest number of perfect squares can have a set ${ a_1^2+a_2,a_2...

  1. $a_1,a_2,...,a_{2014}$ is a permutation of $1,2,3,...,2014$. What is the greatest number of perfect squares can have a set ${ a_1^2+a_2,a_2^2+a_3,a_3^2+a_4,...,a_{2013}^2+a_{2014},a_{2014}^2+a_1 }?$
  2. Do there exist positive integers $a$ and $b$ such that $a^n+n^b$ and $b^n+n^a$ are relatively prime for all natural $n$?
  3. The triangle $ABC$ is inscribed in a circle $w_1$. Inscribed in a triangle circle touchs the sides $BC$ in a point $N$. $w_2$ — the circle inscribed in a segment $BAC$ circle of $w_1$, and passing through a point $N$. Let points $O$ and $J$ — the centers of circles $w_2$ and an extra inscribed circle (touching side $BC$) respectively. Prove, that lines $AO$ and $JN$ are parallel.
  4. Given a scalene triangle $ABC$. Incircle of $\triangle{ABC{}}$ touches the sides $AB$ and $BC$ at points $C_1$ and $A_1$ respectively, and excircle of $\triangle{ABC}$ (on side $AC$) touches $AB$ and $BC$ at points $ C_2$ and $A_2$ respectively. $BN$ is bisector of $\angle{ABC}$ ($N$ lies on $BC$). Lines $A_1C_1$ and $A_2C_2$ intersects the line $AC$ at points $K_1$ and $K_2$ respectively. Let circumcircles of $\triangle{BK_1N}$ and $\triangle{BK_2N}$ intersect circumcircle of a $\triangle{ABC}$ at points $P_1$ and $P_2$ respectively. Prove that $AP_1$=$CP_2$
  5. $\mathbb{Q}$ is set of all rational numbers. Find all functions $f:\mathbb{Q}\times\mathbb{Q}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}$ such that for all $x$, $y$, $z$ $\in\mathbb{Q}$ satisfy $$f(x,y)+f(y,z)+f(z,x)=f(0,x+y+z)$$
  6. Prove that, for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$, on $ [n-4\sqrt{n}, n+4\sqrt{n}]$ exists natural number $k=x^3+y^3$ where $x$, $y$ are nonnegative integers.



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MATHEMATICAL OLYMPIAD PROBLEMS: Kazakhstan Mathematical Olympiad 2014
Kazakhstan Mathematical Olympiad 2014
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