[Solutions] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2016

  1. A trapezoid $ABCD$ ($AB || CF$,$AB > CD$) is circumscribed.The incircle of the triangle $ABC$ touches the lines $AB$ and $AC$ at the points $M$ and $N$,respectively.Prove that the incenter of the trapezoid $ABCD$ lies on the line $MN$.
  2. Let $a,b,c $be positive real numbers. Prove that $$\frac{8}{(a+b)^2 + 4abc} + \frac{8}{(b+c)^2 + 4abc} + \frac{8}{(a+c)^2 + 4abc} + a^2 + b^2 + c ^2$$ $$\ge \frac{8}{a+3} + \frac{8}{b+3} + \frac{8}{c+3}.$$
  3. Find all triplets of integers $(a,b,c)$ such that the number $$N = \frac{(a-b)(b-c)(c-a)}{2} + 2$$ is a power of $2016$. (A power of $2016$ is an integer of form $2016^n$, where $n$ is a non-negative integer.)
  4. A $5 \times 5$ table is called regular if each of its cells contains one of four pairwise distinct real numbers, such that each of them occurs exactly one in every $2 \times 2$ subtable. The sum of all numbers of a regular table is called the total sum of the table. With any four numbers, one constructs all possible regular tables, computes their total sums and counts the distinct outcomes. Determine the maximum possible count.

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