1. Let $a>0$, the function $f: (0,+\infty) \to R$ satisfies $f(a)=1$, if for any positive reals $x$ and $y$, there is \[f(x)f(y)+f \left( \frac{a}{x}\right)f \left( \frac{a}{y}\right) =2f(xy)\] then prove that $f(x)$ is a constant.
  2. Let $O$ be the intersection of the diagonals of convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. The circumcircles of $\triangle{OAD}$ and $\triangle{OBC}$ meet at $O$ and $M$. Line $OM$ meets the circumcircles of $\triangle{OAB}$ and $\triangle{OCD}$ at $T$ and $S$ respectively. Prove that $M$ is the midpoint of $ST$.
  3. Show that for any $i=1,2,3$, there exist infinity many positive integer $n$, such that among $n$, $n+2$ and $n+28$, there are exactly $i$ terms that can be expressed as the sum of the cubes of three positive integers.
  4. $8$ people participate in a party. a) Among any $5$ people there are $3$ who pairwise know each other. Prove that there are $4$ people who paiwise know each other. b) If Among any $6$ people there are $3$ who pairwise know each other, then can we find $4$ people who pairwise know each other?
  5. The set $S = \{ (a,b) \mid 1 \leq a, b \leq 5, a,b \in \mathbb{Z}\}$ be a set of points in the plane with integeral coordinates. $T$ is another set of points with integeral coordinates in the plane. If for any point $P \in S$, there is always another point $Q \in T$, $P \neq Q$, such that there is no other integeral points on segment $PQ$. Find the least value of the number of elements of $T$.
  6. Let $M= \{ 1, 2, \cdots, 19 \}$ and $A = \{ a_{1}, a_{2}, \cdots, a_{k}\}\subseteq M$. Find the least $k$ so that for any $b \in M$, there exist $a_{i}, a_{j}\in A$, satisfying $b=a_{i}$ or $b=a_{i}\pm a_{i}$ ($a_{i}$ and $a_{j}$ do not have to be different) .
  7. Given that $x_{i}>0$, $i = 1, 2, \cdots, n$, $k \geq 1$. Show that: \[\sum_{i=1}^{n}\frac{1}{1+x_{i}}\cdot \sum_{i=1}^{n}x_{i}\leq \sum_{i=1}^{n}\frac{x_{i}^{k+1}}{1+x_{i}}\cdot \sum_{i=1}^{n}\frac{1}{x_{i}^{k}}\]
  8. Let $p$ be a prime number that is greater than $3$. Show that there exist some integers $a_{1}, a_{2}, \cdots a_{k}$ that satisfy: \[-\frac{p}{2}< a_{1}< a_{2}< \cdots <a_{k}< \frac{p}{2}\] making the product: \[\frac{p-a_{1}}{|a_{1}|}\cdot \frac{p-a_{2}}{|a_{2}|}\cdots \frac{p-a_{k}}{|a_{k}|}\] equals to $3^{m}$ where $m$ is a positive integer.

Post A Comment:

0 comments: